Is there anything to do for tinnitus?
The answer is: yes and no
The answer is yes and no. There are a variety of anti-tinnitus products on the market, including special hearing aids, medicines, psychological therapies, and even implants. However, the shocking reality is that all these solutions actually only provide relief for a small percentage of patients. They do not usually remove the annoying sounds, but teach the patient to manage them in a better way, to ignore them. The brain is, as it were, distracted, so that the patient pays less attention to it. In itself there is nothing wrong with all these methods; however, they are directed at the symptoms; the cause is not removed
If the “buzzing” or “humming” has occurred acutely or if there is an acute hearing loss (Pop Concerts are notorious causes), it is important with the acute tinnitus not to wait and see, but to seek medical advice. There are drug studies that show that you can, in some cases, prevent acute tinnitus from becoming chronic. Furthermore, acute tinnitus can be caused by an accumulation of earwax. Do not allow your ears be flushed (which is a known cause of tinnitus), but ask the doctor to remove the wax with an instrument (cerumen hook) under direct vision.
The course of chronic tinnitus is unpredictable. Sometimes the symptoms stay the same, and sometimes they get worse over time. In about 10% of cases, tinnitus affects daily life to such an extent that professional help is needed.
How to deal with Tinnitus
It is important to first determine whether it is a case of objective or subjective tinnitus. Objective tinnitus can be heard by a treating doctor who can then try to identify the physical cause and then possibly prescribe a specific treatment.
Subjective tinnitus, perceiving the sound without identifying the source of it, is the most common and difficult form to treat. Although there is no cure for tinnitus, the sufferer may, as time passes, be less affected by tinnitus. This is because it is less noticeable or because they learn to "deal with it". You can reduce or ease the symptoms yourself by educating yourself about the condition - for example, so that you understand that tinnitus is not dangerous.
Two types of treatment
Tinnitus treatments can be divided into two categories: 1) aimed at directly reducing the intensity of tinnitus and 2) aimed at relieving the nuisance associated with tinnitus. The former includes drug therapy and electrical suppression, and the latter includes drug therapy, cognitive and behavioral therapy, sound therapy, and habituation therapy. No approach works for everyone, and you may have to try different things before you find something that works for you. If you have age-related hearing loss, an hearing aid can often make the tinnitus less noticeable by making sounds from the surroundings harder.
- rTMS: rTMS: repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in which certain parts of the brain are stimulated by placing electromagnets on the skull.
- TDCS: Transcraniale Direct Current Stimulation
- VNS Vagal Nerve Stimulation
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